The war of 1627-1632 between England and France
ended with the Treaty of St-Germain-en-Laye
giving France possession of Acadia.
This was the first time Acadia
was officially recognized as
a possession of France.
By the treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye (1632) the English had resigned to the French Crown all interest in New France. The Treaty of Ryswick (1697), moreover, confirmed French right to the country. Hence Charles's gift to his cousin, Prince Rupert, and to those associated with him in the organization of the Hudson Bay Company, was gratuitous, if not illegal. The subsequent retransfer of the country to Britain by the Treaty of Utrecht (1713) may be said, however, to have given the company a right to its possessions, a right that was practically confirmed by the Conquest, and by the Treaty of Paris, in 1763.
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Lucie LeBlanc Consentino